Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Said heard Sulayman ibn Yasar mention that a face wound in which the bone was bared was like a head wound in which the bone was bared, unless the face was scarred by the wound. Then the blood-money is increased by one half of the blood-money of the head wound in which the skin was bared so that seventy five dinars are payable for it.
Malik said, “What is done in our community is that the head wound with splinters has fifteen camels.” He explained, “The head wound with splinters is that from which pieces of bone fly off and which does not reach the brain. It can be in the head or the face.”
Malik said, “The generally agreed on way of doing things in our community, is that there is no retaliation for a wound to the brain or a belly wound, and Ibn Shihab has said, ‘There is no retaliation for a wound to the brain.'”
Malik explained, “The wound to the brain is what pierces the bones to the brain. This type of wound only occurs in the head. It is that which reaches the brain when the bones are pierced.”
Malik said, “What is done in our community is that there is no blood-money paid on any head wound less than one which lays bare the skull. Blood-money is payable only for the head wound that bares the bone and what is worse than that. That is because the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stopped at the head wound which bared the bone in his letter to Amr ibn Hazm. He made it five camels. The imams, past and present, have not made any blood-money payable for injuries less than the head wound which bares the bone.”
Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said, that Said ibn al-Musayyab said, “For every piercing wound in any of the organs or limbs of the body, one third of the blood-money of that limb is payable.”
Malik related to me, “Ibn Shihab did not think and nor do I, that there is a generally agreed on way of doing things regarding a piercing wound in any of the organs or limbs of the body, but I think that there is ijtihad in the case. The imam uses ijtihad in it, and there is no generally agreed on way of doing things in our community about it.”
Malik said, “What is done in our community about the wound to the brain and the wound which splinters the bone, and the wound that bares the bone is that they apply only to the head and face. Whatever of that occurs in the body only has ijtihad in it.”
Malik said, “I do not think the lower jaw and the nose are part of the head in their injury because they are separate bones, and except for them the head is one bone.”
Yahya related to me from Malik from Rabia ibn Abi Abd ar-Rahman that Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr allowed retaliation for a head wound which splintered the bone.