Most scholars say that there is no zakah on honey. AlBukhari, for one, states: “There is no authentic tradition concerning zakah on honey.” Ash-Shaf’i explains: “In my view, no zakah is levied on it because there is no evidence in the traditions (sunan and ‘athar) for doing so. Thus, it was exempted.” Ibn al-Munzhir affirms: “There is no tradition (khabar) which states that zakah must be paid on honey, nor is there a consensus. Therefore, there is no zakah on honey. This is the opinion of most scholars.”
The Hanafiyyah and Ahmad are of the opinion that honey is subject to zakah, even though there is no evidence for this view in any tradition, except for some traditions (‘athar) which support each other. Their reason is that since it is produced from blossoms, trees, and flowers and weighed and stored like other types of produce, zakah is due on it. They also say it is subject to zakah because the cost of producing it is less than the cost of growing fruits and plants. Abu Hanifah made it a condition that when zakah is due on honey, it should only be collected on honey produced on tithe land. However, he did not stipulate any nisab for it. If this is so, then reason dictates that it should be a tithe due on any amount. Imam Ahmad, on the contrary, stipulated that it should attain a nisab equal to ten ‘afraq. One faraq equals sixteen Iraqi pounds. It makes no difference whether it is produced on kharaj or ‘ushr land. Abu Yusuf contends: “Its nisab is ten pounds but Muhammad maintains: “It is five ‘afraq.” One faraq equals thirty-six pounds.