Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.021.

Section : Zakah on plants and fruit.Allah has made zakah obligatory on plants and fruit, for He says: "O you who believe! Spend of the good things which you have earned, and of that which We bring forth from the earth" [alBaqarah 267]. Zakah is called expenditure (nafaqah). Giving the justification for paying zakah on … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.021.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.021A.

Section : Zakah on Plants and Fruits at the Time of the Prophet.During the time of the Prophet, upon whom be peace, zakah was levied on wheat, barley, dates, and raisins.Abu Burdah related from Abu Musa and Mu'azh that when the Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, sent the (latter two) to Yemen to … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.021A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.022.

Section : Plants and Fruits Which Were Not Subject to Zakah.Zakah was not levied on vegetables or fruit, with the exception of grapes and fresh dates (rutab). 'Ata ibn as-Sa'ib reported that 'Abdullah ibn al-Mughirah wanted to levy sadaqah on Musa ibn Talha's vegetables. The latter objected, saying: "You have no right to do that. … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.022.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.023.

Section : The Opinion of Jurists.There is no difference of opinion among jurists concerning the obligatory nature of zakah on plants and fruits. They do, however, differ on the kinds of plants and fruits which should be subject to zakah. Here is the broad spectrum of opinions on the subject:Al-Hasan al-Basri and ash-Shu'abi hold that … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.023.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.024.

Section : Zakah on Olives.An-Nawawi says: "As for olives, our [Shaf'iyyah] view is that there is no zakah on them." This is also the opinion of Hasan ibn Salih, Ibn Abu Layla, and Abu 'Ubaid.Scholars such as as-Zuhri, al-Auza'i, al-Layth, Malik, athThauri, Abu Hanifah, and Abu Thaur maintain that there is zakah on olives. Az-Zuhri, … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.024.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.024A.

Section : The Origin of the Different Opinions Concerning Zakah on Plants and Fruits.Of their differences on the payment of zakah pertaining to plants and fruits, Ibn Rushd informs us: "The difference of opinion lies in the fact that some jurists confine paying of zakah to only those items of consumption which are generally agreed … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.024A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.026.

Section : Nisab of Plants and Fruits.Most scholars say that there is no zakah on plants or fruits until they attain the amount of five awsuq. Furthermore, this becomes applicable only after the chaff, straw, and husk are removed. If it is not cleansed of husk, then the amount of zakah would be ten awsuq.Abu … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.026.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.028.

Section : The Rate of Zakah.The rate of zakah differs according to the method of irrigation. If it is watered naturally without the use of artificial means, then the zakah payable is a tithe (one-tenth) of the produce. However, if it is irrigated by a mechanical device or with purchased water, then the zakah payable … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.028.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.029.

Section : Zakah on Kharajiyyah Land.Land subject to tax is divided into two categories: 1. 'ushriyyah land (tithe land): land owned by people who accepted Islam willingly or who were conquered by force and had their land divided among the conquerors, or land revived and cultivated by Muslims; and 2. kharajiyyah land (taxable land), land … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.029.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.032.

Section : The Estimation of Nisab on Palm Trees and Grapevines Through Khars, Not by Measure (Kayl).As soon as palm trees and grapevines ripen and their produce is ready to be picked, an estimation of their nisab is made without their actual weighing. The process is carried out by a knowledgeable and trustworthy person who … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.032.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.034.

Section : Eating of the Grains.It is permissible for the owner to eat from the grain, and whatever he consumes will not be included in the quantity subject to zakah, for this is a long-standing custom. In any case, only a small amount is actually eaten. It is the same as an owner of a … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.034.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.034A.

Section : Combining Grains and Fruit.Scholars agree that various kinds of fruit can be combined even if their quality is different - that is, excellent or bad in quality. Different kinds of raisins may also be combined together, and so can the various kinds of wheat and cereals.They also agree that merchandise and its cash … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.034A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.035.

Section : When Zakah is Due on Plants and Fruits.Zakah is due on plants when the grains mature and are ready to be rubbed off and on the fruit when it is ripened. In the case of dates, for example, the indication will be their brightness or red colour, and with grapes their sweetness. Zakah … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.035.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.035A.

Section : Payment of Good (Things) for Zakah.Allah, the Exalted One, commanded those paying zakah to set it aside from the good portion of their property and forbade paying it from the bad portion. He says: "O you who believe! Spend of the good things you have earned and from that which We bring forth … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.035A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.036.

Section : Zakah on Honey.Most scholars say that there is no zakah on honey. AlBukhari, for one, states: "There is no authentic tradition concerning zakah on honey." Ash-Shaf'i explains: "In my view, no zakah is levied on it because there is no evidence in the traditions (sunan and 'athar) for doing so. Thus, it was … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.036.