Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.095.

Section : Azhan, call to prayer.The azhan is a call to inform others in specific words that the time for a prayer has begun. It is a call to the congregation, and is an expression of the Islamic practices. It is obligatory or highly preferred. Al-Qurtubi and others have said that the azhan, although it … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.095.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.095A.

Section : Azhan, its Virtues and Excellence.Many hadith describe the virtues of the azhan and the one who calls it. Such hadith include the following:Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said, "If the people knew what was in the azhan and the first row (of the prayer in virtue), and that they could not get … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.095A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.096.

Section : Azhan, The Event Behind Its Legislation.The azhan was made part of the shari'ah during the first year after the migration to Madinah. The hadith clarify what led up to its institution.Nafa' related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Muslims would gather and calculate the time of prayer, and no one would call them. They … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.096.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.097.

Section : Azhan, How It Is Made.There are three ways to make the azhan:1. Make four takbir at the beginning and say the rest of the phrases twice, without any repetition, except for the last statement of la illaha illa-lah. So, the azhan would be made up of fifteen phrases, as in the preceding hadith … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.097.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.098.

Section : Azhan, At-Tathweeb: (Saying "Prayer is better than sleep" in the Morning Azhan)..It is part of the shari'ah that the caller to prayer say, "as-salaatu khairun min an-naum (prayer is better than sleep) in the morning azhan. Abu Mahzhurah asked the Prophet, upon whom be peace, to teach him the azhan, and he told … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.098.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.098A.

Section : Iqamah.There are three ways to perform the iqamah:1. Saying the first takbir four times and everything else twice, with the exception of the last statement of la ilaha illal-lah. Abu Mahzhura said that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, taught him the iqamah consisting of seventeen phrases: Allahu akbar (4 times), ashhadu alla … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.098A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.099.

Section : What Is Said During the Azhan.It is preferred that whoever is listening to the azhan repeat it with the caller, except for the two hayya 'alas-salah, hayya 'alal-falah phrases, after which he should say La haula wa la quwatah illa billah (there is no power or might save Allah).Says an-Nawawi, "Our companions hold … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.099.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.100.

Section : The Supplication After the Azhan.After the azhan, one should make individual supplications, as that is the time when they will most likely be accepted. Anas reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, "A supplication made between the azhan and the iqamah is not rejected."As to the authenticity of this report, it … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.100.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.101.

Section : Conditions To Be Met By The Caller to Prayer.It is preferred that he meet the following conditions:1. It is a must that he make the azhan for Allah's sake and not for wages. 'Uthman ibn Abu al-'Aas asked the Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, to appoint him as the imam of … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.101.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.102.

Section : The Azhan Before and at the Beginning of the Prayer Time.The azhan is to be made exactly at the beginning of the prayer time, except for the morning prayer, when it may be said before dawn (provided that the people are able to distinguish between the early azhan and that of the proper … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.102.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.103B.

Section : Leaving the Mosque After the Azhan (and Before the Prayer).It is not allowed to leave the call unanswered or to leave the mosque after it has been made, unless there is some excuse or one has the intention to return for the prayer. Abu Hurairah related that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.103B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.104.

Section : The Azhan and Iqamah for Those Who Missed the Proper Time of Prayer.One who sleeps through the time of a prayer or who forgets a prayer may make azhan and iqamah when he desires to pray. In a story recorded by Abu Dawud, when the Prophet, upon whom be peace, and his companions … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.104.