Shama-il Tirmidhi Chapter 39, Hadith Number 24 (271).

‘Aa-sim bin Damrah Radiyallahu’Anhu says: “We asked’Ali about the nawaafil that Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam performed in the day”. (He must have known already about the nawaafil of the night i.e. tahajjud etc. Many well known narrations have been narrated regarding the tahajiud) ‘Ali Radiyallahu ‘Anhu replied: “You do not have the strength to perform these.” (i.e. The importance, punctuality, humility and humbleness Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam attached to performing these prayers, cannot be fulfilled. The reason for saying this was to admonish, as what benefit is there simply by asking and investigating, until an effort is not made to practise these) We replied: “The one amongst us who has the strength, will perform it”., (Those who do not possess the strength, will learn so that others could be guided and an effort will be made to practise). ‘Ali Radiyallahu ‘Anhu said: “In the morning when the sun rises to the height of that, the same as it is at the time for ‘asr. At that time Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam performed two rak’ahs (Salaatul ish-raaq). When the sun rose in the east to the height, where it is in the west at the time of zuhr salaah, he performed four rak’ahs (salaatut duha-chaast, this will be explained in the ensuing chapter). He performed four rak’ahs before the salaah of zuhr, and two after (These six rak’ahs are sunnah mu-akkidah). Four rak’ahs were performed before ‘asr. In between the four rak’ahs he sat and sent salutations on the malaa-ikah.muqarrabeen, the ammbiyaa and the mu-mineen”.

The tashahhud (At-tahiyyaat) may be referred to here, as in it the words “Assalamu’al’ayka ayyuhan nabiyu are mentioned. In this case where four rak’ahs are mentioned, all are included herein. This may also be possible that it means salaam was made after two rak’ahs. The aim will then be that in the four rak’ahs before ‘asr two salaarns were made. It has been ascertained that both types, two and four rak’ahs were performed before ‘asr. Sayyidina ‘Ali Radiyallahu ‘Anhu has himself also narrated both hadith.