Shama-il Tirmidhi Chapter 25, Hadith Number 5 (147).
Safeena Radiyallahu ‘Anhu says: “I ate the meat of Hubaa-raa with Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam”.
Hubaa-raa is a type of a bird. The ‘ulama differ on its meaning. Some say it is Ta’dha-ri. Some say it is Batera (quail), others say it is Sarkhaab. Some translations say it is Chaka Chakoi. It is written in the ‘Muheet Aa’zam’ that Hubaa-raa is called Ho-barah, Shawaat and Sha-waal in Persian. In Turkish it is called Tau’adh-ri, and in Hindi Charz. It is a wild bird and has a greyish colour, a large neck and long legs, the beak is also slightly large, and it flies at a speed. It is also known as jarj. The Greeks call it Ghalofas. In size it is between a Heron and a water fowl. The author of ‘Lughatus Sa-raah’ has also translated Hubaa-raa as Shawaat. In Mazaahire Haq it is translated as Ta’dhari. Other authors have also translated it as Ta’dhari. For this reason Ta’dhari is more correct. The author of ‘Ghayaath’ has written both Ta’dhari and Charz. -The author of ‘Babrul Jawaahir’ has also translated it as Ta’dhari and Charz. He writes that it is also called Sarkhaab. But the author of ‘Muheet’ has written that Sarkhaab, which is also called Chakwa is another type of bird. The author of ‘Nafaa’is’ say the ‘Arabic of Chakwa and Sarkhaab is Nahaam. Therefore it is more correct that Sarkhaab is another bird.
Safeena was a laqab (title) of the freed slave of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. He was known as Safeena because in travels he carried a lot of goods on his back.