Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.133.

Section : Etiquette of Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque and Grave.

1. It is recommended that one should approach the Prophet’s Mosque calmly and with composure. One should wear perfume, put on a nice clean dress and enter the mosque with the right foot, and say, A’uzhu billahil ‘azeem wa bi-wajhihil kareem wa sultanihil qadeem minashaitanir rajeem. Bismillah, Allahumma salli ‘ala Muhammadin wa aalihi wa sallam, Allahummaghfir li zunubi waftah li abwaba rahmatika. “I seek refuge with Allah the Supreme with His Noble Face and with His Eternal Dominion from the accursed devil. In the Name of Allah O Allah! Bless Mohammad his family and his followers. O Allah! Forgive my sins and open doors of Your mercy for me.”

2. It is also recommended to go first to the raudah (According to a hadith raudah (literally, a garden) is the space in the Prophet’s mosque between his grave and his pulpit. As is stated in the hadith below. The Prophet (peace be upon him) died in his house, and that is where he was buried) and offer there two rak’ahs as greetings to the Mosque with calm and humility.

3. After this one should head toward the grave of the Prophet (peace be upon him) face it, and with the back to the Qiblah, give greetings of peace to the Prophet (peace be upon him), saying: Assalamu ‘alaika ya rasulallah. Assalamu ‘alaika ya nabiyallah. Assalamu ‘alaika ya khiyrata khalqillah min khalqihi. Assalamu ‘alaika ya khaira khalqillah. Assalamu ‘alaika ya habiballah. Assalamu ‘alaika ya sayyidil mursaleen. Assalamu ‘alaika ya rasullallah rabal ‘alameen. Assalamu ‘alaika ya qa ‘idal ghirril muhajjaleen. Ash-hadu alla-ilaha illallah, wa ash-hadu annaka ‘abduhu wa rasuluhu wa ameen uhu wa khiyratuhu min khcllyihi, wa ash-hadu annaka qad ballaghtar rasalata wa addaital amanata wa nasahtal ummata wa jahdta fillahi haqa jihadihi. “Peace be on you, O the Messenger of Allah. Peace be on you, O, the Prophet of Allah. Peace be on you, O, the chosen one of Allah’s creation. Peace be on you, O, the beloved one of Allah. Peace be on you, O, the Chief of the Messengers of (Allah). Peace be on you, O, the Messenger of the Lord of the universe. Peace be on you, O, the Chief of the unique generation. I bear witness that there is no God but Allah, and I bear witness that you are His slave, messenger, trustee, and the chosen one of His creation. I bear witness that you indeed delivered the message (of Allah). discharged your trust, counselled the Muslim community, and strove hard for the cause of Allah.”

4. Now moving about a yard to the right, the visitor should offer his greetings to Abu Baker As-Siddiq, and then moving further another yard in the same direction, offer greetings to ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab.

5. Then facing the direction of Qiblah the visitor should supplicate for himself, his family, friends, relatives, and the rest of the Muslims, and then leave.

6. A visitor should not raise his voice more than needed to hear himself. The people in charge should prevent others from raising their voices gently and politely.

It is reported that ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab saw two men raising their voices in the Mosque of the Prophet (peace be upon him). At this he told them, “Had I known that you are from this city, I would have punished you.”

7. Avoid wiping hands on the chamber (i.e., the grave of the Prophet), or kissing it. The Prophet (peace be upon him) has forbidden all such things.

Abu Daw’ud reported from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Do not turn your houses into graves, nor make my grave a place of festivity. Send your greetings upon me, for your greetings are conveyed to me wherever you are.” Abdullah bin Hasan saw a man frequenting the grave of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and making supplications there. Thereupon he told him, O, so and so, the Prophet (peace be upon him) has said, ‘Do not make my grave a place of festivity. but send your greetings upon me from wherever you happen to be, for your greetings are conveyed to me.’ (In this respect) there is no difference between you and a man from (a distant country like) Andalusia.”

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