Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.061.

Section : Burial is a Collective Obligation.There is a consensus that burying a dead body and covering it is a collective obligation (fard kifayah). If some Muslims bury the dead body, it would absolve the rest of them from this obligation. Allah, the Almighty, says: "Have We not caused the earth to hold within itself … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.061.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.062.

Section : Burial at Sunrise, at Midday, or at Sunset.There is a consensus that a body may be buried during any of these three times whenever there is danger of it decomposing otherwise. If there is no such danger, its burial during these times is still permissible, according to the majority of scholars, provided that … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.062.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.063A.

Section : Placing the Body Facing the Qiblah, Praying for the Deceased, and Loosening the Shroud.The practice of the learned ones has been to place the body on its right side facing the qiblah. The person placing the body in the grave should say: "In the Name of Allah, and in accordance with the tradition … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.063A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.064A.

Section : Praying for the Deceased After its Burial.After the burial, it is desirable to pray for forgiveness of the deceased and acceptance (of his conduct by Allah), because at this time he is being questioned about his life. It is reported by 'Uthman: "After burial the Prophet, peace be upon him, would stand by … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.064A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.068B.

Section : Taking Off Shoes in Cemeteries.Most scholars are of the opinion that it is permissible to wear shoes in a cemetery. Jarir ibn Hazim said: "I saw al-Hasan and Ibn Sirin walking with their shoes on in a cemetery." Anas reported: "The Prophet, peace be upon him, said: 'When a servant of Allah is … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.068B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.069.

Section : The Prohibition against Covering Graves.Covering graves or tombs is not permissible, because this involves unnecessary expense for an invalid cause, and may mislead the common man. 'Aishah reported: "The Prophet, peace be upon him, left on a raid. I covered the door with a piece of cloth. The Prophet, peace be upon him, … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.069.