Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.037.

Section : Funeral Prayer, its Legal Status.There is a consensus among all the great Muslim jurists that a funeral prayer for a deceased person is a collective obligation or fard kifayah. The Prophet, peace be upon him, commanded the Muslims to offer it, and they have been doing so ever since they received this commandment.Abu … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.037.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.037A.

Section : Reward for Offering Funeral Prayer.Abu Hurairah narrates that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said: "Whoever follows a funeral procession and offers the prayer for the deceased, will get one kerat 68 of reward. And whoever follows it and remains with it until the body is buried, will get two kerats of reward, … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.037A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.038.

Section : Requisite Conditions for Funeral Prayer.The prerequisites for a funeral prayer are the same as for the obligatory prayers. Anyone intending to offer funeral prayer must be in a state of purity, be free from all minor and major impurities, must cover his or her "awrah," and stand facing the direction of the Ka'bah.Malik … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.038.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.038A.

Section : Main Requirements of the Funeral Prayer.Certain requirements must be met for a valid funeral prayer, and failure to meet any of these may invalidate the prayer. These requirements are given below:1. IntentionThe real intention is what is in the heart, and its verbal utterance is not legally required. Allah says in the Qur'an: … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.038A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.039.

Section : Raising of One's Hands During the Takbirs.It is sunnah to raise one's hands while uttering the first takbir. There is nothing related from the Prophet, peace be upon him, to show that he raised his hands in funeral prayer except for the first takbir. Ash-Shawkani mentions various opinions about takbirs and the arguments … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.039.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.039A.

Section : Reciting "Al-Fatihah" and Salutations to the Prophet.(Abu Hanifah and Malik regard these as two essential requisites of funeral prayer)Ash-Shafi'i has in his Musnad narrated from Abu Umamah ibn Sahl that one of the Companions of the Prophet (may Allah be pleased with them) told him that when offering a (funeral) prayer it is … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.039A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.040.

Section : Invoking Blessings Upon Allah's Prophet.Prayer for peace and blessings upon the Prophet, peace be upon him, may be said in any form. If someone were to say: "O Allah, bless Muhammad," it should suffice. It is better, however, to use the prayers transmitted through tradition, like the following:: Extravagance in Shrouding is Disliked(Allahumma … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.040.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.040A.

Section : Supplication for the Deceased.This is a basic element of funeral prayer according to the consensus of juristic opinion. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said: "When you offer a funeral prayer for a deceased person, pray sincerely for him to Allah." This is reported by Abu Daw'ud, Al-Baihaqi and Ibn Hibban, who said … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.040A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.043.

Section : Timing of Supplications.Ash-Shawkani said: There are no fixed times for these prayers. One may use any of these after all the takbirs, or after the first or second or third takbir, or divide it between each two takbirs, or say any of these prayers in between each two takbirs in the light of … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.043.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.043A.

Section : Supplications after the fourth takbir.It is preferred to supplicate for the deceased after the fourth takbir, even though the supplicant rnay have done so after the third takbir. This is based on a narration by Ahmad on the authority of 'Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa who said that when his daughter died, at his … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.043A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.043B.

Section : Salutations.All jurists with the exception of Abu Hanifah are in agreement that the two salutations (saying assalamu 'alaikum wa rahmatullah), one to the right and the other to the left, are obligatory. Abu Hanifah, however is of the view that they are required, but not obligatory as a condition. Those who hold it … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.043B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.044.

Section : Summary for Funeral Prayer.1. Make sure that you meet all the requirements for a formal prayer (salah);2. Stand up with the intention of supplicating for the deceased;3. Raise both hands with a takbir (takbirat al ihram);4. Fold your right hand over your left hand;5. Commence the funeral prayer with the (silent) recitation of … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.044.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.044A.

Section : Imam's Position in Funeral Prayer for a Male or a Female.It is sunnah for the imam to stand opposite the head of a male body, and opposite the middle of a female body. This is based on a hadith reported from Anas that he offered a funeral prayer for a male standing opposite … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.044A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.044B.

Section : Funeral Prayer for a Number of Dead Persons.If there are a number of bodies, including both male and female, they should be placed in separate rows, between the imam and the direction of the Ka'abah, with the best among them nearer to the imam, and a single funeral prayer may be offered for … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.044B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.045.

Section : Three Rows for a Funeral Prayer are Commended.It is recommended that the people should make three rows (The minimum number of people for a row is two persons) while offering a funeral prayer, and that these rows should be straight. This is based on a report from Malik ibn Habairah who said: "The … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 4, Funerals and Dhikr, Fiqh 4.045.