Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.147.

Section : I'tikaf, its meaning.I'tikaf means to stick to something, whether good or bad, and to block out everything else. Allah says in the Qur'an: "What then are images that you pay devotion [akifun] to them?" [alAnbia' 52] - that is, what they devoted themselves to in worship. What is meant here is the seclusion … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.147.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.147A.

Section : I'tikaf, its legitimacy.All scholars agree on its legitimacy. The Prophet would perform i'tikaf for ten days every Ramadan. In the year that he died, he performed it for twenty days. This is related by alBukhari, Abu Dawud, and ibn-Majah. The Prophet's companions and wives performed i'tikaf with him and continued to do so … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.147A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.147B.

Section : I'tikaf, the different types of i'tikaf.I'tikaf is of two types: sunnah and obligatory. The sunnah i'tikaf is that which the Muslim performs to get closer to Allah by following the actions of the Prophet, upon whom be peace, especially during the last ten days of Ramadan. The obligatory i'tikaf is that which the … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.147B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.149.

Section : I'tikaf, the sunnah or preferred i'tikaf has no specific time limit.It can be fulfilled by staying in the mosque with the intention of making i'tikaf for a long or short time. The reward will be according to how long one stays in the mosque. If one leaves the mosque and then returns, he … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.149.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.149A.

Section : I'tikaf, the condition for i'tikaf.The one who preforms i'tikaf must be a Muslim adult, a discerning child who is free of sexual defilement, or an adolescent who is free of menstrual or childbirth bleeding. I'tikaf is not acceptable from an unbeliever, a non-discerning child, a sexually defiled person, a menstruating woman with post-childbirth … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.149A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.149B.

Section : I'tikaf, the principles of i'tikaf.I'tikaf will be fulfilled if a person stays in the mosque with the intention of becoming closer to Allah. If the person is not in the mosque or did not do it with the intention to please Allah, it is not i'tikaf. The fact that the intention is obligatory … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.149B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.149C.

Section : The opinion of the jurists concerning the mosques in which the i'tikaf is to be performed.There is a difference of opinion among the jurists concerning what mosques are acceptable for i'tikaf. According to Abu Hanifah, Ahmad, Ishaq, and Abu Thaur, i'tikaf is valid in any mosque in which the five prayers are held … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.149C.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.150.

Section : I'tikaf, the Beginning and Ending of i'tikaf.We have already mentioned that the voluntary i'tikaf does not have any specific time period. Whenever a person enters the mosque and makes the intention of becoming closer to Allah by staying there, he will be performing i'tikaf until he leaves. If he has the intention to … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.150.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.151.

Section : What is preferred for the person who is fasting and what is disliked for him?.It is preferred for the one who is making i'tikaf to perform many supererogatory acts of worship and to occupy himself with prayers, reciting the Qur'an, glorifying and praising Allah, extolling His oneness and His greatness, asking His forgiveness, … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.151.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.152.

Section : Fasting while performing i'tikaf.It is good for the person performing i'tikaf to fast, but he is not under any obligation to do so. Al-Bukhari records from Ibn 'Umar that 'Umar said: "O Messenger of Allah, during the days of ignorance I vowed to perform i'tikaf one night in the mosque at Makkah. The … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.152.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.152A.

Section : Permisible Acts for the Mu'takif.The following acts are permissible for one who is making i'tikaf:1. The person may leave his place of i'tikaf to bid farewell to his wife. Safiyyah reported: "The Prophet was performing i'tikaf and I went to visit him during the night. I talked to him and then I got … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.152A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.154.

Section : Actions that Nullify the I'tikaf.If a person performs one of the following acts, his i'tikaf will be nullified:1. Intentionally leaving the mosque without any need to do so, even if it is for just a short time. In such a case, one would not be staying in the mosque, which is one of … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.154.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.155.

Section : Making Up I'tikaf.If an individual intends to perform a voluntary i'tikaf and then ends it before he completes it, he should make up that i'tikaf later. Some say that it is obligatory to do so.Writing on the subject, at-Tirmizhi says: "There is a difference of opinion about a person who ends his i'tikaf … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.155.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.156.

Section : Retiring of the Mu'takif to the Mosque and Setting Up of a Tent.Ibn Majah recorded from Ibn 'Umar that the Prophet made i'tikaf during the last ten days of Ramadan. Nafi' reported: "Ibn 'Umar showed me the place where the Prophet would perform his i'tikaf."He also reported that when the Prophet performed i'tikaf, … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.156.