Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.087.

Section : Zakat ul-Fitr.Zakat ul-fitr is a type of sadaqah which must be paid by every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave, at the end of the month of fasting (Ramadan).Al-Bukhari and Muslim relate from Ibn 'Umar that he said: "The Prophet, upon whom be peace, enjoined the payment of one … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.087.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.088.

Section : Who Must Pay Zakat ul-Fitr.Zakat ul-fitr is incumbent on every free Muslim who possesses one sa' of dates or barley which is not needed as a basic food for himself or his family for the duration of one day and night. Every free Muslim must pay zakat ul-fitr for himself, his wife, children, … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.088.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.088A.

Section : The Amount of Zakat ul-Fitr.The required amount of zakat ul-fitr is one sa' of wheat, barley, raisins, dry cottage cheese (aqit), rice, corn, or similar items considered as basic foods (qut). Abu Hanifah made it permissible to set aside, as a zakat ul-fitr, an equivalent value and also said that if the payer … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.088A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.088B.

Section : When Zakat ul-Fitr is Due.The jurists agree that zakat ul-fitr is due at the end of Ramadan. They differ, however, about the exact time.Ath-Thauri, Ahmad, Ishaq, and ash-Shaf'i (in his later opinion), and Malik (in one of his reports) are of the opinion that it is due at the sunset of the night … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.088B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.089.

Section : Paying Zakat ul-Fitr in Advance.Most scholars believe that it is permissible to pay zakat ul-fitr a day or two before 'id. Ibn 'Umar reports that the Messenger, upon whom be peace, ordered them to pay zakat ul-fitr before the people went out to perform the 'id prayers. Nafi' reports that 'Umar used to … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.089.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.090.

Section : Distribution of Zakat ul-Fitr.The distribution of zakat ul-fitr is the same as that of zakah-- that is, it has to be distributed to the eight groups of beneficiaries mentioned in the 'ayah: "The alms are only for the poor ..." [atTaubah 60]. The category comprising the poor is considered the most deserving. This … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.090.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.090A.

Section : Giving Zakat ul-Fitr to a Zhimmi.Az-Zuhri, Abu Hanifah, Muhammad, and Ibn Shubrumah make it permissible to give zakat ul-fitr to a zhimmi. Allah, the Exalted One, says: "Allah allows you to show kindness and deal justly with those who did not war against you on account of religion and did not drive you … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.090A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.090B.

Section : Are There Other Claims on Wealth Besides Zakah?.Islam views wealth realistically--as an essential aspect of life and the main means of subsistence of individuals and groups. Allah, the Exalted One, instructs: "Give not to those who are weak of understanding [what is in] your wealth which Allah has made a means of support … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.090B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.092.

Section : Kin (zhawi al-Qurba), recipients of sadaqah.The kin are considered the most deserving people for the sadaqah gift because of the common blood relationship. When a man is in need and some of his relatives are rich, naturally he looks to them for help because they are of one family. Also, it is natural … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.092.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.093.

Section : Wayfarere (wab nisabil), recipients of sadaqah.In the case of the wayfarer cut off from family and relatives, as if travelling were his household, consideration requires kindness for him as well. Thus, to sympathize with him and help him in his travels is, within the meaning of Islamic law, an encouragement which invites one … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.093.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.093B.

Section : Slaves (wa fi ar-riqab), recipients of sadaqah.The liberation of slaves includes buying and setting them free, helping contracted slaves (al-mukatabun) pay off their debts, and helping captives buy their way out of captivity. By encouraging people to spend out of their wealth on slaves, the shari 'ah wants to emancipate the latter. Still, … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.093B.