Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.047.

Section : Zakah on Buried Treasure and Precious Minerals.The term rikaz is etymologically derived from rakaza, the perfect tense of the verb yarkuzu (the imperfect root). It means 'to be hidden.' Allah, the Exalted One, says: "Or hear from them the slightest sound" [Maryam 98] - that is, rikz means a slight sound.In the present … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.047.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.047A.

Section : The Meaning of Minerals and Their Conditions for Zakah.The term ma'din (minerals) is derived from the verb 'adana (to reside), as in the phrase "'adana fi almakan," which means 'someone resided in some place.' Allah, the Exalted One, says: "Allah has promised to the believing men and believing women gardens of Eden" [at-Taubah … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.047A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.048.

Section : The Legitimacy of Zakah on Rikaz and Ma'din.That zakah of rikaz and ma'din is obligatory is shown by a statement attributed to Abu Hurairah: "The Prophet, upon whom be peace, said: 'There is no compensation for one killed or wounded by an animal, falling in a well, or because of working in mines; … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.048.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.049.

Section : Rikaz Upon Which Zakah is Paid.The rikaz are all those substances upon which one-fifth (khums) is payable, such as gold, silver, iron, lead, brass, and the like. This is the opinion of the Hanafiyyah, the Hanbaliyyah, Ishaq, and Ibn al-Munzhir. A report from Malik and one of the two opinions of ash-Shaf'i also … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.049.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.049A.

Section : The Location of Rikaz.Rikaz might be found in the following places: 1. In a barren land, a land of unknown ownership, or in an intractable road, or ruined village. In that case, khums has to be paid, and the one who found it may keep the other four-fifths for himself. This is based … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.049A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.050A.

Section : Who Must Pay the Khums (One-Fifth).Most scholars are of the opinion that khums is due on anyone who finds a treasure, whether he happens to be a Muslim, a free non-Muslim subject (zhimmi), old, young, sane, or insane. However, the guardians of the young and insane must pay it on their behalf. Ibn … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.050A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.051.

Section : Distribution of Khums.According to ash-Shaf'i, the distribution of khums is similar to the distribution of zakah. Ahmad and al-Baihaqi narrate from Bishr al-Khath'ami that a man from his tribe said: "While I was in Kufah, I received a jar from an old monastery at the zakah district (jibayah) of Bishr. There were 4,000 … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.051.