Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.001.

Section : Zakah, definition.Zakah or alms tax can be defined as that portion of a man's wealth which is designated for the poor. The term is derived from the Arabic verbal root meaning "to increase." "to purify," and "to bless." It find its origin in Allah's command to: "Take sadaqah (charity) from their property in … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.001.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.002.

Section : Exhortation to Give Zakah in the Qur'an.At-Taubah 103 authorizes the Prophet, upon whom be peace, to take either a stipulated amount of alms from the believers' holdings in the form of the obligatory zakah, or a voluntary, unstipulated amount (zakah of tatawwul). In this 'ayah, "purify" means to purify them from stinginess, greed, … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.002.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 2.151B.

Section : N/A.In reference to the life hereafter, Allah reveals: "Lo! Those who keep from evil will dwell amid gardens and water-springs, taking that which their Lord gives them. For they were before doers of good. They used to sleep but little of the night, and in the hours of the early dawn they prayed … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 2.151B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.003.

Section : 040.Exhortation to Give Zakah in the Hadith|At-Tirmizhi relates from Abu Kabshah alAnmari that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said: "I swear upon three (things) and ask you to memorize my words: Sadaqah taken from a property never decreases it; a man who suffers injustice and is patient with it, Allah will grant … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.003.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.004.

Section : Punishment in the Qur'an for the Delinquents of Zakah.Allah says: "O you who believe! Most surely many of the doctors of law and the monks eat away the property of men falsely and turn them from Allah's way; and as for those who hoard treasures of gold and silver and do not spend … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.004.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.004A.

Section : Punishment in the Hadith for the Delinquents of Zakah.Ahmad, al-Bukhari, and Muslim relate from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said: "No owner of a treasure who does not pay zakah will be spared, for his treasure will be heated in the Fires of Hell and then made … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.004A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.007.

Section : Judgment on the Zakah Refrainer.As an obligation upon Muslims, zakah is one of the essential requirements of Islam. If somebody disputed its obligation, he would be outside of Islam, and could legally be killed for his unbelief unless he was a new Muslim and could be excused for his ignorance.As for the one … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.007.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.008.

Section : Who is Obliged to Pay Zakah.Zakah must be paid by every Muslim who has a nisab, which is the minimum of one's holdings liable to zakah. The nisab is conditioned by the following:1. Zakah should be paid on any amount of money remaining after meeting the expenses for such necessities as food, clothes, … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.008.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.009.

Section : Zakah on the Holdings of Infants and Mentally Retarded People.The guardian of a child or of a mentally retarded person must pay zakah on his behalf from his property if it constitutes a nisab.'Amr ibn Shu'aib reported from his father backed up by a chain of sources going back to 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.009.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.009A.

Section : The Insolvent Debtor.Whoever has property must pay its proper zakah. If the property is indebted, he may first pay off his debt, then in case the remainder is enough to constitute a nisab, he must pay zakah. If he does not hold the nisab, he does not have to pay it since he … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.009A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.010.

Section : Zakah Owed by a Deceased Person.If a person dies before he pays zakah, then it must be taken from his estate.According to ash-Shaf'i, Ahmad, Ishaq, and Abu Thaur, it is obligatory that zakah be paid from the property of the deceased, and this payment receives preference over debt, legacy, and inheritance for Allah … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.010.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.010A.

Section : The Niyyah (Intention).Since the payment of zakah is an act of worship, its validity depends upon the expression of one's intention. That is, the zakah payer should pay it for the sake of Allah; he should make up his mind, with all of his heart, that zakah is an obligation to be discharged. … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.010A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.011.

Section : Payment of Zakah in Due Time.Zakah must be paid immediately at its due time. Deferring payment of zakah is prohibited, unless the payer for some valid reason cannot pay it on time. In such a case, he may wait until he is able to pay it. It is related by Ahmad and al-Bukhari … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.011.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.011A.

Section : Paying Zakah in Advance.It is permissible for zakah to be paid for even two years in advance. Al-Zuhri did not see any problem in paying his zakah before the hawl. Al-Hasan was once asked if a man who had paid his zakah for three years in advance fulfilled his obligation. Al-Hasan answered in … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.011A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.012.

Section : Invoking Blessing for the Zakah Payer.It is desirable that the recipient invoke blessing for the zakah payer at the time of its payment, for Allah says: "Take alms of their property that you may purify and sanctify them and pray for them. Verily, your prayers are a comfort for them" [at-Taubah 103]. It … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 3, Zakaat and Fasting, Fiqh 3.012.