Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.147A.

Section : Grooming for the two 'ids.It is preferred to make the ghusl, perfume one's self and don one's best attire on the occasions of the two 'ids.Ja'far ibn-Muhammad relates from his father on the authority of his grandfather who reported that the Prophet would wear a Yemeni cloak on every 'id. This is related … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.147A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.147B.

Section : Eating on the two 'ids.One is to eat before going to the salah for 'idul fitr, (the end of Ramadan) but not do so on the occasion of the 'idul azha (commemorating Prophet Ibrahim's  sacrifice). For 'idul fitr, it is a sunnah to eat an odd number of dates before going to pray … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.147B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.148.

Section : Going out to the musalla (place of prayer).Salatul 'id can be performed in the mosque but it is preferred to perform in a place outside the city as long as there is no excuse or reason to do otherwise (e.g., rain and so on) as the Prophet would pray the two 'ids in … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.148.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.148A.

Section : Women and children going out to attend 'id prayer.Shari'ah requires women and children to go out and attend the salatul 'idain. This includes married, single, young, old, or menstruating women.Umm 'Atiyah reports: "We were ordered to go out with the single and menstruating women to the two 'ids in order to witness the … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.148A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.148B.

Section : Taking different routes to and from musalla.Most of the people of knowledge are of the opinion that it is preferred for a person to go to the salah by one route and then to return home through another route, regardless of whether he be the imam or a member of the congregation.Jabir reports: … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.148B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.149.

Section : The time of 'Id prayers.The time for salatul 'id begins from the time the sun is three meters above the horizon until the sun reaches its meridian.Ahmad ibn Hassan al-Bana' records that Jundub said: "The Prophet prayed the 'idul fitr prayer while the sun was [approximately] six meters above the horizon and the … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.149.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.149A.

Section : The azhan and iqamah for salatul 'idain.Ibn al-Qayyim writes: "When the Messenger of Allah went to the musalla (place of prayer), he would perform the salah without any azhan or iqamah and without saying 'as-salatu jami'ah' (prayer in congregation). The sunnah is not to do any of that."Ibn 'Abbas and Jabir both report … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.149A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.150.

Section : The takbir during salatul 'idain.The 'id prayer consists of two rak'at during which it is sunnah to pronounce the takbir seven times, after the opening takbir and before the Qur'anic recital in the first rak'ah. During the second rak'ah, one makes takbir five times after the takbir which is customarily made for standing … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.150.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.151.

Section : Prayer before or after salatul 'id.It is not established that there is any sunnah prayer before or after the 'id prayer. The Prophet never performed any such prayer, neither did his companions upon arrival at the musalla (prayer place).Ibn 'Abbas reports: "The Messenger of Allah went out to the site of the 'id … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.151.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.151B.

Section : Whoever misses salatul 'id with the congregation may pray two rak'at.In Sahih al-Bukhari we find in the chapter entitled: "If one misses salatul 'id he may pray two rak'at and the same is the case for the women or people in their houses or in the countryside. This is based on the Prophet's … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.151B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.151C.

Section : The khutbah of salatul 'id.The khutbah after salatul id is a sunnah and so is listening to it. Abu Sa'id says: "On the id of breaking the fast and of the sacrifice, the Prophet would go to the musalla (prayer place) and begin with the salah and when he finished, he would face … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.151C.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.152.

Section : Making up a missed 'id prayer.Abu 'Umair ibn Anas reports: "My Ansari uncles from among the companions of the Messenger of Allah said to me: 'The moon for the month of Shawwal was hidden from us and, therefore, our companions fasted. Then at the end of the day, riders came and they bore … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.152.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.153.

Section : Playing, amusements, singing, and eating on the days of 'id.Recreation, amusements, and singing, if they stay within the moral bounds, are permissible on the days of 'id.Anas reports: "When the Prophet came to Medinah they had two days of sport and amusement. The Prophet said: "Allah, the Exalted, has exchanged these days for … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.153.