Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.049.

Section : Congregational Prayer.Performing the prayers in congregation is a sunnah mu'akkadah. Many ahadith discuss the superiority and excellence of prayers in congregation. Such ahadith include the following:Ibn 'Umar reports that the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam said: "Prayer in congregation is superior to a prayer performed individually by twenty-seven degrees." This is related by al-Bukhari … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.049.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.050.

Section : Women and congregational prayers.It is better for women to pray in their houses than to attend congregational prayers. However, they may go to the mosque and attend the congregational prayer if they avoid wearing or using any attractive or tempting adornment or perfume.Ibn 'Umar reports that the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam said: "Do … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.050.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.051.

Section : Praying at a larger and more distant mosque.It is preferable to pray in a mosque that is farther away and that has a larger congregation.Muslim records from Abu Musa that the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam said: "The one who gets the greatest reward for a prayer is the one who walks the farthest … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.051.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.051B.

Section : The imam should be "easy" on his followers.Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet said: "If one of you leads the people in prayer, he should be "easy," on them for among the people are the weak, sick, and aged. If one prays by himself, one may make it as long as one wishes." … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.051B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.052.

Section : The imam may prolong the first rak'ah to allow others to join.It is permitted for the imam to prolong the first rak'ah while waiting for others to join the congregation. In the same way, it is preferred for him to wait for people who are coming during the bowings and during the final … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.052.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.052A.

Section : It is obligatory to follow the imam and forbidden to precede him.Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam said: "The imam is selected to be followed; therefore, do not differ with him. When he makes the takbir, make the takbir, when he goes into ruku', make ruku'. When he says 'Allah … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.052A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.053.

Section : Consitution of a congregation.One person with the imam would constitute a congregation even if the other person is a child or a woman.Ibn 'Abbas says: "I stayed with my Aunt Maimunah and the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam got up to pray during the night. I got up to pray with him and stood … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.053.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.054.

Section : An imam may change his place and become a follower.If the regular imam or appointed imam is not present, it is permissible to appoint someone else to perform the duty of imam. If the regular imam appears during the prayers, the substitute imam may move back to the rows and allow the regular … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.054.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.054A.

Section : Catching up with imam or the congregation.Whoever joins a congregation, he should perform the opening takbir while standing and then move directly to the act that the congregation may be performing, for instance, if the congregation is prostrating one should perform the opening takbir and then join it in the prostration. However, such … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.054A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.055.

Section : When it is permissible to not attend Congregation.Ibn 'Umar narrated that the Prophet ordered the mu'azhzhin to say: "Pray in your places," on a cold, stormy night during a journey. This is related by alBukhari and Muslim.Jabir said: "We went on a journey with the Prophet and it rained upon us, so he … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.055.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.056A.

Section : Whose imamate is acceptable.The imamate of all the following is acceptable: a discerning boy, a blind person, a standing person for those who are sitting, a sitting person for those who are standing, a person praying fard for people who are praying nafl, a person praying nafl for people who are praying fard. … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.056A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.058.

Section : It is preferred to have a woman imam for women.'Aishah used to lead the women in salah and stand with the women in the middle of the first row. Umm Salamah would also do so. The Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam appointed Waraqah to go and make the azhan for her while he instructed … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 2, Supererogatory Prayer, Fiqh 2.058.