Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.119A.

Section : Obligatory acts of prayer, intention.Says Allah, "And We did not command them save to worship Allah, making the religion sincerely for Him" (al-Bayinah 5). The Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, "Every action is based upon intention. For everyone is what he intended. Whoever made the migration to Allah and His Prophet, then … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.119A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.120.

Section : Obligatory acts of prayer, Saying the Opening Takbir and Beginning the Prayer.Ali reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, "The key to prayer is purity. What puts one into its inviolable state is the takbir, and the tasleem releases one from it."As to the authenticity of the report, it is related … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.120.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.120A.

Section : Standing During the Obligatory Prayers.One must stand during the prayer, if at all possible. Says Allah, "Guard and preserve the prayers and the mid-most prayer, and stand for Allah with devotion." Reported 'Umar ibn Hussain, "I had some physical problem, so I asked the Prophet, upon whom be peace, about the prayer, and … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.120A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.120B.

Section : Obligatory acts of prayer, Reciting al-Fatihah in Every Rak'ah of the Prayer.There are many authentic hadith which state that it is obligatory to recite al-Fatihah in every rak'ah. Thus, there is no difference of opinion on this point. Some of these hadith are:'Ibadah ibn as-Samit related that the Prophet said, "There is no … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.120B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.121.

Section : Obligatory acts of prayer, Bismillah.The scholars are agreed that the bismillah (the words "In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful) is a verse in Surah al-Naml, but they differ over whether or not it constitutes a verse of every surah. There are three opinions on this point:1. It is a verse … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.121.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.122.

Section : Obligatory acts of prayer, One Who Cannot Recite Properly.Says al-Khattabi, "Basically, one's prayer does not suffice if he does not recite al-Fatihah. If one can recite neither al-Fatihah nor other portions of the Qur'an, he should recite at least seven verses of a similar meaning from the Qur'an. If he can not learn … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.122.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.122A.

Section : Obligatory acts of prayer, Ar-Ruku' (Bowing Down).There is a consensus on the obligatory nature of the ruku'. Says Allah, "O you who believe, bow down and prostrate yourselves..." The position of ruku' is established by bending over, putting one's hands on one's knees, and remaining in that position until he attains "calmness." In … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.122A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.123.

Section : Obligatory acts of prayer, Standing Erect After the Bowing.This is based on Abu Humaid's description of the Prophet's prayer: "He would raise his head from his bowing, then stand straight until all of his backbones returned to their places." (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)'Aishah related that when the Prophet raised his head from … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.123.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.123A.

Section : Obligatory acts of prayer, Prostration.We have already stated the Qur'anic verse dealing with this obligatory act. The Prophet explained it in a hadith by saying, "Then prostrate until you attain calmness in your prostration, then rise (and sit) until you attain calmness in your sitting, and then prostrate until you gain calmness in … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.123A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.124A.

Section : Obligatory acts of prayer, Bodily Parts That Touch the Ground During Prostration.These parts are: the face, hands, knees and feet. Al-'Abbas ibn 'Abdul-Mutallib reported that he heard the Prophet say, "When a slave (of Allah) prostrates, seven bodily parts prostrate with him: his face, his hands, his knees and his feet." (Related by … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.124A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.124B.

Section : Obligatory acts of prayer, The Final Sitting and Recital of the Tashahud.The Prophet's practice illustrates that when the final sitting of the prayer has been made, one must recite the tashahud at that time. In one hadith, he said, "When you raise your head from the last prostration and sit for the tashahud, … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.124B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.126.

Section : Obligatory acts of prayer, The Salaam (Peace Be Upon You and the Mercy of Allah) at the Prayer's End.Saying the salaam at the end of the prayer is obligatory. 'Ali related that the Prophet said, "The key to prayer is purity. One enters into its inviolable state by the takbir and leaves it … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.126.