Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.109A.

Section : Purity From Major and Minor Impurities.Says Allah in the Qur'an, "O you who believe, when you rise for the prayer, wash your faces, your hands up to the elbows, and lightly rub your hands and (wash) your feet up to the ankles. If you are unclean, purify yourselves." Ibn 'Umar reported that the … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.109A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.109B.

Section : Purity of the Body, Clothes and Place.Such objects should be clean of physical impurities as much as possible. If one can not remove them, he may pray with the impurities present and does not have to repeat the prayer later. Concerning bodily purity, Anas related that the Prophet upon whom be peace, said, … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.109B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.111.

Section : Covering the 'Aurah.Says Allah in the Qur'an, "O Children of Adam, take your adornment (by wearing proper clothing) for every mosque" (al-A'raf 31). The meaning of "adornment" here is the covering of the 'aurah. The meaning of "mosque" is "prayer." Therefore, it means "Cover your 'aurah for every prayer." Salamah ibn al-Aku' said … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.111.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.111B.

Section : Exposing a man's thigh.Says 'Aishah, "The Prophet was sitting with his thigh exposed when Abu Bakr asked, and received, permission to enter. The same thing happened with 'Umar. However, when 'Uthman sought permission to enter, the Prophet covered himself with his clothes. When they left, I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, you permitted … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.111B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.113.

Section : Woman's aurah & hijab.There is no such dispute over what constitutes a woman's 'aurah. It is stated that her entire body is 'aurah and must be covered, except her hands and face. Says Allah in the Qur'an, "And to display of their adornment only that which is apparent (do not expose any adornment … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.113.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.113A.

Section : Preferred to wear two garments in salat.It is preferred for a person to wear at least two garments, but he can wear just one if that is all he has. Ibn 'Umar reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, "If one of you is going to pray, he should wear two … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.113A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.114.

Section : Uncovering the Head During the Prayer.Ibn 'Asakir related that the Prophet would sometimes remove his cap and place it in front of him as a sutrah. According to the Hanifiyyah, one can pray with his head uncovered. In fact, they prefer this if it is done out of a sense of humility. There … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.114.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.114A.

Section : Facing the Qiblah.All scholars agree that one must face the Masjid al-Haram (in Makkah) during every prayer. Says Allah in the Qur'an, "Direct your face to the Masjid al-Haram. Wherever you may be, turn your faces to it" (al-Baqarah 144).Reported al-Barra', "We prayed with the Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, for … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.114A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.114B.

Section : If one can see the Ka'bah, he must face that particular direction.If he can not see it, he must turn in its direction, as this is all that he is able to do. Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said, "The qiblah is between the East and the West." This is related by … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.114B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.115A.

Section : Two cases in which one doesn't have to face the Ka'bah.The first one is performing voluntary prayers while riding (an animal, car and so on). The rider may bend his head slightly for the bowings and prostrations of the prayer, but he should bend a little bit lower for the prostrations. He may … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.115A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.116.

Section : The state of prayer, salah.There are many prophetic hadith on this topic. Here, we will mention just two of them, one describing his actions and other quoting his statements.'Abdullah ibn Ghanam related that Abu Musa al-Ash'ari gathered together his people saying, "O Tribe of Ash'ari, gather together, and gather your women and children … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.116.