Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.075.

Section : Prayer.The prayer is a type of worship consisting of specific statements and actions. It is begun by pronouncing the greatness of Allah, and is concluded with salutations of peace. As prayer is the essence of Islam, we will discuss it here in detail.To state it simply, prayer must exist, for without it Islam … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.075.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.076.

Section : Allah explains how to pray during fear, safety or wartime."And when you are among them and arrange their prayers for them, let only a party of them stand with you (to worship) and let them take their arms. Then, when they have performed their prostrations, let them fall to the rear and let … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.076.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.077A.

Section : Prayer is one of the most important acts in Islam.Prayer is one of the most important acts in Islam, and thus it requires a special guidanceIbrahim asked his Lord to give him descendants who abided by their prayers: "My Lord! Cause me and (some) of my offspring to remain constant in prayer. And … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.077A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.077B.

Section : One Who Ignores His Prayers.Not praying and denying its obligation is seen as disbelief and places the person outside the religion of Islam. All scholars agree on this point. They base their opinion on several hadith, some of which are:Jabir reports that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, "Between a person and … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.077B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.080.

Section : Who Must Pray.Prayer is obligatory upon every sane, adult Muslim. 'Aishah related that the Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said, "The pen is raised for three (meaning: there is no obligation upon three): one who is sleeping until he wakens, the child until he becomes an adult, and one who is … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.080.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.081.

Section : The Number of Obligatory Prayers.The number of prayers prescribed by Allah is five. Ibn Mahyraiz narrated that al-Makhdaji, from the tribe of Kananah, heard Abu Muhammad--a man in ash-Shams--saying, "The witr prayer is obligatory." He said he went to 'Ubadah ibn as-Samit and informed him of this. 'Ubadah corrected him, saying, "Abu Muhammad … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.081.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.082.

Section : The Times of the Prayers.Each prayer has its own particular time at which it must be performed. Says Allah, "Prayer at fixed hours has been enjoined upon the believers" (an-Nisa' 103).The Qur'an itself points to these different timesAllah says, "Pray at the two ends of the day and in some watches of the … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.082.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.083.

Section : The Time for the Noon Prayer (Zhuhr).The previous two hadith make it clear that the noon prayer begins when the sun passes its meridian and it continues until an object's shadow is approximately the same length as the object itself. If it is extremely hot, it is preferred to delay the noon prayer … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.083.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.084.

Section : The Time for the Afternoon Prayer ('Asr).This prayer begins in the afternoon when the shadow of an object is of the same length as the object itself, and continues until the sun sets. Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, "Whoever catches one rak'ah of the afternoon prayer before … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.084.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.085.

Section : The Afternoon Prayer is the "Mid-most" Prayer.Says Allah in the Qur'an, "Observe and guard the prayers and the mid-most prayer, and stand with total submission to Allah. Authentic hadith have made it clear that the afternoon prayers is the "mid-most" prayer.'Ali reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said on the day … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.085.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.085A.

Section : The Time for the Sunset Prayer (Maghrib).The time for the sunset prayer begins with the disappearance of the sun and lasts until the red twilight ends. 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, "The time for the sunset prayer is when the sun has disappeared and the twilight … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.085A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.086.

Section : The Time of the Night Prayer ('Isha).This prayer begins when the red twilight disappears and continues up to half of the night. Reported 'Aishah, "They used to pray the night prayer between the disappearance of the twilight and the final third of the night's beginning." (Related by al-Bukhari.) Abu Hurairah reported that the … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.086.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.087.

Section : Delay is Preferred in the Isha Prayer.It is most virtuous to delay the night prayer until the end of the preferred time for it, which is half the night. Reported 'Aishah, "One night the Prophet, upon whom be peace, prayed the night prayer after most of the night had gone and most of … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.087.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.088.

Section : Sleeping Before the Night Prayer Is Forbidden.One should not sleep before the night prayer, nor have discussions after it. Abu Barza al-Aslami related that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, loved to delay the night prayer (which was called darkness, al-'atmah) and he hated sleeping before it and talking or discussions after it." … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.088.