Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.063A.

Section : Proof of its legitimacy.This is proven by the Qur'an, sunnah and ijma' (consensus). The Qur'an says, "And if you are ill, or on a journey, or one of you comes from relieving himself, or you have touched women, and you do not find water, then go to high clean soil and rub your … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.063A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.063B.

Section : Blessing from Allah.This form of ablution is viewed as a blessing from Allah to the Muslims. Jabir relates that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, "I have been given five things that were not given to anyone before me: I have been made victorious due to fear for a distance of one … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.063B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.064.

Section : The reason for its legitimacy.Said 'Aishah, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah on one of his journeys until we reached Baida'. At this place, one of my bracelets broke and fell somewhere. The Messenger of Allah and others began to look for it. There was no water at that place, nor … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.064.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.064A.

Section : One cannot find water, or the amount one finds is insufficient for ablution.'Imran bin Husain said, "We were with the Messenger of Allah during a journey. When he led the people in prayer, one man stayed apart. He asked him, "What prevented you from praying?" He said, 'I need a post-nocturnal bath and … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.064A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.064B.

Section : One is injured or ill.If one is in this condition, and believes water will worsen it (he does not have to be absolutely sure, but may base his opinion on past experience or what a knowledgeable person has told him), he may perform tayammum. Jabir said, "We were on a journey and one … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.064B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.065.

Section : If the water is cold enough to physically harm the user.This is only allowed on the condition that he can find no one to heat it, or is unable to use the public bathrooms. 'Amr ibn al-'Aas narrated that he was participating in an expedition. He had a wet dream during an extremely … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.065.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.065A.

Section : When water is nearby, but one does not want to fetch it due to fear.If one fears for his life, family, wealth, (for example, if an enemy is nearby--beast or human--or one is a prisoner, and so on), one may perform tayammum. This is also allowed if there is water but one lacks … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.065A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.065B.

Section : If one is saving his water for later use.This could be for a hound, for dough, cooking or to remove an impurity that is not pardonable. Says Imam Ahmad, "Many of the companions performed tayammum to save their water for drinking." 'Ali said that a man who is travelling and becomes unclean because … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.065B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.066B.

Section : How to perform tayammum.First, one must have the intention (see the section on ablution). Then, he mentions Allah's name, strikes the soil with his hands, wipes his face and his hands up to the wrist. Nothing is more authentic and clear than what 'Ammar related. He said, "We became sexually impure and had … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.066B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.066C.

Section : What tayammum makes permissible.After doing so, he is pure and may do any of the acts requiring prior purification, such as praying and touching the Qur'an. He does not have to perform it during the time of prayer, and he may pray as many prayers as he wishes (unless he nullifies it), exactly … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.066C.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.066D.

Section : What nullifies tayammum.In addition to the presence of water, everything that nullifies the ablution nullifies tayammum. If a person prays after performing tayammum and then finds water, he does not need to repeat his prayer even if there is time left to do so. Abu Sa'eed al-Khudri said, "Two men went out on … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.066D.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.067.

Section : Wiping Over Casts, Wrappers and Similar Items.It is allowable to wipe over any wrapper or diseased or injured bodily part. There are many hadith on this point, and although they are all weak, their many chains strengthen each other, making them valid to talk about. One hadith, that of Jabir (quoted earlier), relates … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 1, Purification and Prayer, Fiqh 1.067.