Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.121.

Section : Umrah.In Arabic the word 'Umrah is derived from al-i'timar which means a visit. Here it means paying a visit to Ka'bah, performing lawaf around it, walking between Safa and Marwah seven times, and then shaving one's head or cutting one's hair short.There is consensus among scholars that it is a prescribed worship. Ibn … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.121.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.121A.

Section : Repeated Performance of 'Umrah.Nafi' said, "During the rein of Ibn Az-Zubair, Abdullah bin 'Umar performed an 'Umrah twice a year." Al-Qasim said, "Aishah performed three 'Umrahs in one year."Some people asked if any of the scholars criticised her for this. He replied, "May Allah be blessed! (Criticise) the Mother of Believers?!!" The majority … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.121A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.121B.

Section : Umrah Before and During the Months of Hajj.A person may perform 'Umrah during the months of Hajj, without performing Hajj. 'Umar performed 'Umrah during the month of Shawwal and returned to Madinah without performing Hajj. One may, like 'Umar, perform 'Umrah even before Hajj.Taw'us said, "In the Days of Ignorance the Arabs considered … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.121B.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.122.

Section : Umrahs Performed By the Prophet.Ibn 'Abbas reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) performed four 'Umrahs in his lifetime: 'Umrah of Hudaibiyah, one that he performed to make up for another missed 'Umrah, a third that he performed going forth from Al-Ji'rannah, and the fourth he combined with his Hajj. This was … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.122.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.122A.

Section : Its Legal Status.According to the Hanafi school and Malik, 'Umrah is a sunnah, as described in this hadith reported from Jabir who said, "The Prophet (peace be upon him) was once asked about 'Umrah, and whether it was obligatory (wajib), to which he replied, 'No, it is not, but it is better if … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.122A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.123.

Section : Miqat for 'Umrah.In case a person intending to perform 'Umrah is outside the miqat fixed for Hajj, it is not permitted for him to cross these miqats (places fixed for ihram) without declaring ihram.Bukhari has reported that Zaid bin Jubair came to Ibn 'Umar and asked him, "Wherefrom should I declare my intention … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.123.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.123A.

Section : Farewell Tawaf.This is called the Farewell Tawaf because by this a pilgrim bids farewell to Ka'bah, the House of Allah. It is also known as Tawaf As-Sadr (Tawaf Before Departing) because it marks the departing of pilgrims from Makkah. In this there is no jogging (ramal), and it is the last rite performed … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.123A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.124.

Section : Legal Status of Farewell Tawaf.There is agreement among the Muslim scholars that the Farewell Tawaf is prescribed by law. Both Muslim and Abu Daw'ud reported from Ibn 'Abbas that he said, "The people (pilgrims) used to leave Makkah in every other direction (and haphazardly). Thereupon the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Let … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.124.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.124A.

Section : Time for Farewell Tawaf.One should perform this rite after finishing all other rites and just before leaving Makkah so that it is the last rite one performs as a pilgrim, as mentioned in the hadith given above.After the completion of the Farewell Tawafa pilgrim must leave Makkah, without engaging in any selling or … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.124A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.125.

Section : On Performing Hajj and 'Umrah: A Brief Summary.On approaching the miqat (the place fixed for taking on ihram), a pilgrim should trim his moustache, cut short his hair, clip his finger nails, and take a bath or make ablution, wear some perfume, and then don the ihram. He should offer a two rak'ah … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.125.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.128.

Section : Going Back Home After the Hajj.Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said. "Travelling is but a sort of torture. One is prevented from (properly) eating and drinking. So when one of you (travels and) accomplishes his work, he must hasten back to his family." This is reported by Bukhari and Muslim. 'Aishah reported … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.128.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.128A.

Section : Al-Ihsar (Or Blockading).Al-Ihsar (as used in the Qur'an) means blocking the path to the House of Allah. Allah says, "And complete the Hajj or 'Umrah in the service of Allah. But if you are prevented (from completing it) send an offering for sacrifice." (Qur'an 2.196)This verse was revealed at the time of Hudaibiah … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.128A.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.129.

Section : Prevented Person to Slaughter a Sheep or a Bigger Animal.The verse is quite clear in that a prevented person may slaughter any animal he is able to afford. Ibn 'Abbas reported that when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was prevented from performing 'Umrah (by the Quraish) he shaved his head, consorted with … Continue reading Fiqh-us-Sunnah Volume 5, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Fiqh 5.129.